Ancient Civilizations of the Southwest 2018 Calendar
Explore the mysterious legacy of the peoples who first settled the American southwest, built cities and towns, and abandoned them sometime around 1450 AD. The 2018 Ancient Civilizations of the Southwest calendar looks at the remarkable work left by the Ancient Peubloans, from pictographs, to elaborate cliff dwellings, and invites us to wonder about the past.
Published by Tide-mark, the 2018 Ancient Civilizations calendar opens to 13.75 x 20.25 inches.
Areas featured in the 2018 calendar include:
Hovenweep Nat Monument, CO and UT
The hunter-gatherers who used this area for 10,000 years until about AD200, were followed by a succession of ancient Basketmaker peoples until the start of the Pueblo era in about AD900. One of six pueblo groupings, the Square Tower group includes Hovenweep Castle. The castle is aligned so that its openings bring light into the building to mark the four changes of season in the year.
Canyon de Chelly National Monument, AZ
This national monument in Northeastern Arizona encompasses the floors and rims of three major canyons: de Chelly, del Muerto and Monument, all cut by waters flowing from the Chuska Mountains in the east. Antelope House is located on the floor of Canyon del Muerto. The dwelling was abandoned in about AD1200. Long a home of the Navajo people, the land is owned by the Navajo Tribal Trust and operated by the National Park Service.
Monarch Cave, UT
Monarch Cave cliff dwelling is located along Comb Ridge in southern Utah. The location is notable for the patterns of desert varnish that extend across the ceiling of the dwelling’s alcove.
Nine Mile Canyon, Utah
Nine Mile Canyon is often called the world’s longest art gallery. The rock art found along the canyon’s 40-mile expanse is believed to have been created by people of the Fremont culture. This hunting scene depicts bighorn sheep and a hunter in the Northern Fremont style. Natural gas deposits at Tavaputs Plateau has led to heavy truck traffic since 2002, and the resulting dust may threaten the preservation of the rock art.
Navajo National Monument, Arizona
Keet Seel is a late Pueblo III cliff dwelling built by Anasazi puebloans in a branch of the Tsegi Canyon. Construction probably began in about AD1250 and ended in AD1286. At its peak, Keet Seel had more than 150 rooms and six kivas. The protected environment at the site saved even some of the plaster and wood jacal walls used in room construction.
Bandelier National Monument, NM
Tyuonyi Pueblo is the ruin of a circular Ancient Puebloan structure located on the floor of Frijoles Canyon in northern New Mexico. The pueblo originally included more than 300 rooms and reached three stories in height. Construction in the canyon has been dated to as late as the 15th century.
El Morro National Monument, NM
Located at the top of Inscription Rock, Atsinna was the largest of the pueblos atop El Morro. A multistory pueblo, it is believed to have housed between 1,000 and 1,500 people in some 875 rooms that surrounded an open courtyard. It was occupied between the 13th and 14th centuries.
Wupatki National Monument, AZ
The national monument preserves more than 30 Ancient Publoan structures in an area first inhabited about AD500. Lomaki Ruin is an ancient Sinagua dwelling that sits on the edge of a small canyon. Thin flat blocks of locan sandstone used to construct these pueblos also give them their unique color. Seen on the horizon are the snow-covered peaks of the San Francisco Mountains.
Kiva and Spanish Mission
Pecos National Historical Park, NM
Located 17 miles from Santa Fe, NM, the park preserves the ruins of a Puebloan village that endured for 400 years. The Spanish mission church in the background was built in 1619. The traditional kiva in the foreground was constructed in 1680 during the Peublo Revolt. The site was abandoned in 1838 after attacks by Comanche raiders.
Mongollon Cliff Dwellings
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, NM
Located along the Gila River in steep, rugged terrain, Mongollon people of the Mimbres Culture built dwellings in caves that were inhabited from late in the 13th century to early in the 14th. These interconnected structures are found in five cliff alcoves above Cliff Dweller Canyon. The dwelling’s 46 rooms were probably occupied by 10 to 15 families.
Petrified Forrest National Park, AZ
Agate House is a partially restored Anaszi dwelling that dates from 900 to 1200, the Pueblo II and Pueblo III eras. The eight-room house was built using petrified wood that was laid in clay mortar. The ruins were partially reconstructed by the Civil Conservation Corps (1933-1934). One room was completely reconstructed with a new roof, while only walls were rebuilt for other rooms.
Canyons of the ancients National Monument, CO
Now designated a national historical landmark, Lowry Pueblo includes 40 rooms that were built to a height of three stories. The site includes a great kiva and eight smaller kivas. The great kiva was decorated with murals painted over a base of five layers of plaster. The number and size of the kivas at Lowry suggests that the site may have been a center for religious gatherings and celebrations.