Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 2019 Calendar
In 1827, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. became America's first chartered railroad. Innovation followed as the B&O operated the first American-built locomotive, constructed the first station, sold the first passenger tickets, published the first timetable, and became the first line to reach the Ohio River from the East Coast. This calendar features the line's classic steam engines, and more.
Engines, locations and trains featured in the 2019 calendar include:
Class T-3t Mountain (4-8-2)
Baltimore and Ohio 5569, a Class T-3t Mountain (4-8-2), is pounding away on a westbound freight one mile west of Mount Savage Junction, Maryland on January 7, 1955. The pusher is a "Big Six" Class S-1 (2-10-2). The top of the hill at Sand Patch is about twenty-four miles ahead and, like other big trains on the Cumberland Division, within two or three hours, Sand Patch will not be a problem.
Class EL-5a (2-8-8-0) leading a coal train
Baltimore and Ohio 7157, a Class EL-5a (2-8-8-0), is leading a coal train on the Indiana (Pennsylvania) Branch near Marion Center on December 3, 1954. The Class EL-5a's were built by Baldwin in 1919 and were used where brute strength, not speed, was of primary concern. The last of the class was retired in 1954.
Big Six 6178 pulling westbound
Baltimore and Ohio "Big Six" 6178 is pulling westbound for all it is worth as it passes SA Tower at the summit of Sand Patch Grade, Pennsylvania in March 1951. There is another "Big Six" working on the rear of the train.
Baldwin 1922 Q-4b Mikado (2-8-2)
Baltimore and Ohio 4476, a Q-4b Mikado (2-8-2), built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1922, was equipped with steam heat and air signals, which allowed it to be used in passenger service Here, it is on a local freight at Moundsville, West Virginia in April 1956. 4476 remained in service until 1958.
Cumberland, Maryland's Queen City Station 1952
It is about ten o'clock in the morning on May 14, 1952, and at Cumberland, Maryland's Queen City Station all had been fairly quiet until 265 (an EMD F7A-F7B-F7A set) arrived with an eastbound freight. The power is being cut off and another locomotive, most likely a steam locomotive, will take the train east. There is no passenger train action here for several hours; the head end power switch should be no problem. Most likely, the freight will be on its way in about an hour and a half or so. Since the next passenger train due into Cumberland will be the eastbound "Shenandoah" at 1:10PM there is plenty of time.
EMD SW900 switching at Hammond, Indiana
Baltimore and Ohio 9400, an EMD SW900, is switching at Hammond, Indiana on May 27, 1971. Built and delivered in 1955, B&O owned twenty-nine of these smaller switchers, and they were located systemwide.
Class EM-1 Yellowstone (2-8-8-4)
Baltimore and Ohio 675, a Class EM-1 Yellowstone (2-8-8-4), is on the move at Warwick, Ohio after stopping for coal in July of 1957. From the day it was delivered this locomotive was numbered 7625. In its last year or two of service, new Diesels were delivered and took the EM-1's numbers. So all the EM-1's took new numbers from 650 to 679. So here is 7625 renumbered as 675. By 1960 this change was moot, since by then all EM-1's had been removed from service.
The Cumberland, Maryland turntable
Baltimore and Ohio 7600, a Class EM-1 Yellowstone (2-8-8-4), just fits on the Cumberland, Maryland turntable on September 23, 1956. The locomotive is being serviced in preparation for a westbound passenger special. The Baltimore and Ohio owned thirty of these steam giants which weighed in at over a million pounds when in operating condition. Baldwin Locomotive Works built the first twenty in 1944 and ten more one year later This was the best steam power the B&O ever owned.
#1 ready to leave Cumberland, Maryland
Baltimore and Ohio #1 was a four-unit set built by Electromotive Division, an FTA-FTB-FTB-FTA delivered in 1942 as part of an order for three four-unit sets. It is September 1947, and #1 is ready to leave Cumberland, Maryland and lead a westbound freight up and over Sand Patch. If one Diesel locomotive could be pointed to for justifying the replacement of steam power based on performance, fuel consumption, and reliabiity, it was the FT design.
Class T-3b Mountain (4-8-2) built by B&O in 1943
Baltimore and Ohio 5569, a Class T-3b Mountain (4-8-2) built by the B&O in 1943, is running eastbound with Train #22, "The Washingtonian," through Keystone, Pennsylvania. Its next stop will be Cumberland, Maryland, thirty-four miles away.
On the Sand Patch Grade
Baltimore and Ohio "Big Six" 6168, a Class S-1 Santa Fe (2-10-2), is working hard through fall colors as it rounds Bracken Curve, Pennsylvania on the Sand Patch Grade on October 23, 1954. There were seventy-five S-1's, the first fifty built by Baldwin Locomotive Works, and the last twenty-five built by Lima Locomotive Works, all in 1923 and 1924. Wherever there was a stiff grade "Big Sixes" would be at work there, but the Diesel was here to stay. The first 6000's were set aside in 1953, and all were out of service by 1959.
Train #27, the westbound "Royal Blue"
Baltimore and Ohio 1409, an E6A, is teamed up with an E7A on Train #27, the westbound "Royal Blue," waiting for a signal to get underway at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania's 24th and Chestnut Station in December 1957.