About the Naval Order of the United States
On 4 July 1890, Mr. Charles Calhoun Philbrook, Mr. Charles Frederick Bacon Philbrook, and Mr. Franklin Senter Frisbie, descendants of New Hampshire families identified as mariners since 1636, and sharing a common interest in naval and maritime history, met in Boston, Massachusetts. By formal resolution, they established a temporary
organization entitled the “Naval Commandery of the United States of America” to further those aims. A permanent organization was established on 10 November 1890, the 115th anniversary of the organization of the U.S. Marine Corps.
Eligibility for membership was based upon service “in any of the wars or in any battle in which the United States Navy or Marine Corps has participated, or who served as above in connection with the Revenue or Privateer Services.” Seeking a national base, the new Naval Commandery soon established branches in several states. On 19 June 1893, the Naval Commandery entered into a provisional consolidation with the Naval Legion of the United States, a smaller society recently organized with similar aims. This merger was soon ratified under the name NAVAL ORDER of the UNITED STATES. The first Congress of the Naval Order was held on 15 August 1893 in Faneuil Hall. The General Commandery of the
Order was formed at this meeting, and the constitution adopted with provision for local commanderies in the various states and “members” becoming “Companions.” One of the noteworthy early companions, not a naval officer himself, was Loyall Farragut, son of the famous David. Loyall was cabin boy in the admiral’s flagship, USS Hartford, at Mobile Bay during the Civil War when his father gave the historic order “Damn the torpedoes…(mines) full speed ahead!” Another illustrious companion was Captain George Dewey, who was destined to gain international fame at Manila Bay and become the only officer to hold the rank of “Admiral of the Navy.” Dewey later served as Commander General of the Naval Order, 1907 to 1917.
Historical records in the archives of the various states attest to the efforts of individual companions in the establishment and training of Naval Militia in the Eastern and Midwestern states during the 1890’s. As a result, trained and ready Naval Militiamen were available to our nation to answer the call to the colors at the
outbreak of the Spanish-American War.
Companion Herbert Livingston Saterlee, having observed the operation of the civilian Navy League in England, recognized the value of civilians not directly affiliated with the U.S. Navy, but dedicated to its support. The Naval Order through his efforts and guidance, and with the concurrent encouragement of President Theodore Roosevelt, became the prime mover in organizing the Navy League of the United States, which was chartered in New York in 1902. Saterlee became Commander General of the Naval Order in 1925.
Today the Naval Order of the United States continues to encourage research and writing on naval and maritime subjects, preserve documents, portraits and other records of prominent figures, deeds and memories of our naval and maritime history, and through fellowship of our members, advance the Naval Order’s unselfish service and worthy aims for the security and enduring well-being of our country. For those interested in membership/participation in the many activities of the Naval Order of the United States visit our website at: https://www.navalorder.org/.
Navy 2024 Wall Calendar
The Navy calendar is a tribute to the men and women who have fought to protect our nation, to deter aggression, and to maintain freedom of the seas. Navy and Marine Corps action over the past 248 years is represented here in full-color paintings. Significant events in naval history are listed in every month. Sales of the calendar benefit the Naval Order of the United States. Anchor’s aweigh!
This 2024 monthly wall calendar features: Large blocks for notes | Superb printing quality | Heavy 100-pound paper | Deluxe 11- by 14-inch size
Images featured in this edition include:
≈ The destroyer Hawkins (DD 873) transits the waters between Corsica and Sardinia during one of a series of Mediterranean deployments with the Sixth Fleet. Destroyer Sailors think of their ships as “workhorses of the Fleet,” and Hawkins’ thirty-plus years of service across the Atlantic, the Caribbean, the Pacific, and the Mediterranean give evidence of this proud claim.
≈ A Los Angeles-class attack submarine of Submarine Group Seven at sea, with a Mystic-class rescue submersible stowed in a cradle on her deck. Armed with Harpoon and Tomahawk missiles as well as antisubmarine torpedoes, newer Los Angeles-class submarines can also lay mines. Retractable bowmounted diving planes let them operate under ice.
≈ An embarked combat artist shares his impression of an enemy ship torpedoed and sunk by a surfaced submarine in a night attack. Since radar was only making its first appearances during World War II, this “boat” is being directed by the eyes and optics of her crew.
≈ Many artists in the Far East made a good living painting pictures of naval and merchant ships for sale. An unknown artist did this likeness of Olympia during her 1895-1898 service as flagship of the Asiatic Fleet. In 1898 she flew the flag of Commodore George Dewey during the battle of Manila Bay, and is preserved as a memorial at Philadelphia. U.S. Navy ships were painted white with buff upperworks from the 1890s through 1908 to make crew spaces a bit more livable in those days before air conditioning.
≈ Explosions, flares, and tracers light up the night in the crisscrossing channels of the Rung Sat swamp, the strategic area in Vietnam between Saigon and the South China Sea. An inshore patrol craft (PCF), popularly known as a “Swift boat,” engages Viet Cong ambushers with machine guns, small arms, and an 81mm mortar.
≈ A trick of the atmosphere makes gunfire-support destroyers appear to be blowing smoke rings over the bitterly-contested landing beaches at Peleliu during the Pacific campaign of World War II. Ships’ gunfire and carrier planes backed up assault landings and lent powerful artillery support to troops fighting ashore.
≈ The ammunition ship Firedrake (AE 14) replenishes an aircraft carrier of Task Force 77 in the icy waters off North Korea. Mobile logistics lessons earned during World War II would reemphasize their value off Korea and, later, off Vietnam.
≈ A CH-53 heavy-lift helicopter stands ready aboard USS Dubuque (LPD 8) as plans are formulated for Operation End Sweep, the clearance of mines from North Vietnamese waters after the signing of the Paris accords. Designed as amphibious troop carriers, the size and power of the CH-53 suited it for the new task of airborne minesweeping.
≈ A French fleet, under Admiral Comte de Grasse, defeats Admiral Thomas Graves’ British fleet attempting to relieve Lord Charles Cornwallis’ besieged army at Yorktown near the end of the Revolutionary War. Cut off from reinforcement and supplies, Cornwallis surrenders to the American- French army under General George Washington and General Comte de Rochambeau. De Grasse’s success made Cornwallis’ surrender, and American independence, inevitable.
≈ For more than a quarter-century the A-4 Skyhawk, affectionately called “Heinemann’s hot rod” in tribute to its principal designer, played a key role in Navy and Marine Corps aviation. The Skyhawk proved its worth in Southeast Asia, carrying a major share of combat operations in North and South Vietnam. Nearly three thousand Skyhawks were produced, serving in both U.S. and foreign air forces. Forrestal (CVA 59), the first “super carrier” was not only
the first aircraft carrier built after World War II, it was also the first built specifically to operate jet aircraft.
≈ The double-turreted monitor Onondaga saw Civil War service in the James River, where she supported Federal troops advancing on Richmond. Laid up after Appomattox, she was sold to her builder who, in turn, sold her to the French Navy. This artist’s rendition illustrates the vulnerability of Civil War monitors. With freeboard measured in inches, they worked well on rivers and in coastal waters but were poorly suited to blue-water operations.
≈ The artist portrays a timeless scene: a sailor stands his watch in the hours before morning with moonlight his only company. Perhaps his thoughts turn to loved ones at home as he looks out across the expanse of ocean and listens to the sighing of the wind.
Published by Tide-mark Press © 2023
About the Naval Order of the United States
|Dimensions||11 × 14 × .25 in|