Few things on the high seas are more dramatic than the great clouds of sail raised by traditional full-rigged ships. This edition of Tall Ships 2020 features Oosterschelde, the last Dutch three-masted topsail schooner; Belem, the French barque launched in 1896; Gulden Leeuw, the big 230-foot gaff schooner; STS Mir, the always beautiful Polish-designed full-rigged ship; the British brig TS Royalist with bow waves crashing, and more. Sales of the calendar benefit Tall Ships America in support of sail training and education under sail.
Tall ships pictured in this edition include:
Alexander von Humboldt II
This modern sail-training vessel was built for Deutsche Stiftung Sail Training on the lines of her eponymous predecessor. Constructed by the Brenn und Verformtechnik yard in Bremen, Germany, Alexander von Humboldt II was launched in 2011. During the summer she cruises the North Sea and the Baltic. During cooler weather she sails to the Mediterranean and the Caribbean with a crew of 25 and 54 trainees. Painted in her predecessor’s distinctive green color, her homeport is Bremerhaven, Germany.
The three-masted barque Belem, the last nineteenth-century French trading ship under sail today, put to sea in 1896.As a merchant vessel she had crossed the Atlantic thirty-three times by 1913. After her sale to British and then Italian owners, she returned to French colors in 1980. The Belem Foundation restored the 167-foot ship, which now serves members of the public who want to learn the craft and customs of traditional sailing from her home port of Nantes
Though she is only the second largest of the six sisterships (see Dar Mlodziezy), designed by Zygmunt Choren and built in 1987 at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, she is one of the fastest, capable of sailing at more than 19 knots. Mir serves as a sail-training vessel in St. Petersburg, Russia with a professional crew of 55 and 140 cadets.
More than a century old, Europa was originally built in 1911 as a lightship for the German Federal Coast Guard and was retired in 1977. A Dutchman purchased her hull in 1985 and she was rebuilt in 1994 as a barque. She now sails with paying sail trainees and on charters. Europa completed her first world circumnavigation in 2014.
One of four sister-ships built in Spain by Astilleros Celaya S.A. on the plan of the Gorch Fock, launched from hamburg’s Blom & Voss yard in 1933, Guayas (1976) is the sail-training ship of Ecuador’s navy. She carries a crew of some 120 sailors, 35 officers, and 80 cadets.
Built in 1937 as an ocean-going ice-class ship for the Danish Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, the Dana, as she was then named, enjoyed a wide-ranging career serving as a base for biological research and as a support ship for student seamen. She was purchased in 2007 and refitted as a three-masted topsail schooner offering sail training, day sails, and events under sail.
The second-largest, traditionally-rigged sail-training ship in the world, Kruzenshtern was originally one of the Flying P Line sisters christened Padua in 1926. Between 1938 and 1939, she sailed from hamburg via Chile to Australia and back in eight months and 23 days, a record time that still stands. Now the last of the sisters still sailing, Padua was surrendered to the Soviet union in 1946 as part of World War II reparations. Renamed Kruzenshtern, she serves as a Russian navy sail-training ship.
The TS Royalist gives British Sea Cadets offshore tall-ship sail training. The current Royalist was built by Astilleros Gondán S.A. in Spain, and launched in December of 2014. The new vessel replaces one of the same name that was launched in 1971, and during its career carried some 30,000 cadets to sea. TS Royalist carries a crew of eight, 24 cadets and 2 adult trainees.
Santa Maria Manuela
Santa Maria Manuela is one of the last four surviving ships of the Portuguese White Fleet, which fished for cod in the North Sea. She was built in just 62 days at the CuF shipyard in Lisbon in 1937 and is a sister ship to Creoula. Sold in 1963, she continued to work in the fishing fleet until she was scrapped in 1993, when she was rescued and rebuilt. She sails now as a charter vessel in the Mediterranean Sea.
Launched in 1918, Oosterschelde was commissioned as a schooner to carry freight for a Dutch company. She continued that work for several owners until 1988 when she was returned to the Netherlands for restoration. Today she is the only extant Dutch three-masted topsail schooner and the largest Dutch freighter of her design. operated now by the Rotterdam Sailing Ship Foundation, she carries up to 24 passengers on extended voyages and 120 passengers on day trips
Simon Bolivar is the official sail-training ship of the Venezuelan navy. She was constructed in the Astilleros Celaya yard in Bilbao, Spain, and launched in 1979. Built on the lines of the Gorch Folk, designed by Blohm & Voss in 1930, she is a sistership to three similar barques: Cuauhtémoc of Mexico, Gloria of Colombia, and Guayas of Ecuador. Simon Bolivar has sailed throughout the world, including two visits to New york as part of operation Sail in 1986 and in 2000.
in 2000 England’s Jubilee Sailing Trust commissioned the largest wooden tall ship built in 100 years. Even moreremarkable, the barque SV Tenacious was designed to accommodate sailors with all types of disabilities who are older than 16 years old, even those limited to a wheelchair. The Jubilee Sailing Trust is a charity offering sailing adventures to people of all abilities. Tenacious carries a permanent crew of 11 and can accommodate as many as 40 trainees.
About Tall Ships America
Tall Ships America is the hub for tall ships activity, expertise, and information in North America, and is commended by the United States Congress as the national sail training organization representing the United States.Founded in 1973, Tall Ships America is a non-profit membership organization dedicated to enriching youth education through character building and leadership programs aboard tall ships.
Tall Ships America supports the people, ships and programs of sail training through professional development grants, sail training scholarships, conferences, education, publications, regulatory and licensing information, public events and advocacy. The mission of Tall Ships Americais to encourage character building through sail training, promote sail training to the North American public and support education under sail.
The rewards we reap from sailing on a tall ship are deep and durable, because the challengesare so real, and the experience is so personal. Seafaring adventure is compelling becauseit is uncontrived, springing spontaneously from the voyage itself. Seafaring is a fully-livedlifestyle, integrating our mind, body, spirit, and social selves in a truly holistic experience.The way of a ship demands our very best, inspiring each of us to strive for personalexcellence…all in a context of tight teamwork, so that our advances as an individualand the achievements of the community are inextricably linked.
Courage, confidence, competency, teamwork, responsibility, and dedication to a goal are thevalues that are promoted through the seafaring experience. These character traits have definedsuccessful people, both as individuals and as members of the larger society, since the beginningof time. in today’s fast-paced world, they are more important and more refreshing than ever. What can be better, more gratifying, more empowering or more fun than a young personwho breaks the uncertainty barrier with the joyful shout: “I can do that!”
Tall Ships America is dedicated to the idea that you can, too.